INDIAN CREEK TRIBE CHICKAMAUGA CREEK & CHEROKEE NATION INC.
Dragging Canoe was one of the Cherokee tribe’s most devoted chiefs. He angrily opposed the terms of the deal in
which the Cherokee Nation signed away some of their valuable land to the whites
and received very little in return. He
broke away from the Cherokees in 1776, forming an aggressive wing of the tribe
known as the Chickamauga Cherokees.
Dragging Canoe strongly recommended that the patriotic Cherokees part
from the tribe. After this episode, they
settled at various places along the main stream in the south known as the
Chickamauga Creek. Therefore, it was
appropriate to call them Chickamaugans.
Canoe was the son of the famous narrator, Chief Attakullakulla. For his headquarters, Dragging Canoe chose
the site of an ancient Creek village on the Chickamauga near present day
northeastern Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Many well-known chiefs joined him, Chief Ostenaco being among them. This old Indian had fought side by side with
George Washington on the Virginia frontiers and knew him intimately. He knew not only our first President but also
men such as Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry.
Chickamauga feared that the expansion of the United States spelled doom for the
Cherokees and believed that by engaging in war they were protecting their
territory the only way they could. After
the American Revolution, the majority of Cherokees favored peace and agreed to
give up all lands east of the Appalachians.
But a small band of warriors, called ‘Chickamauga’ were unwilling to
accept a truce and moved their families to northeastern Alabama. (The Cherokee, Perdue, pg. 36) Tecumseh, who was much younger than Dragging
Canoe, had a Creek Indian mother and believed that the Creeks would help their
Chickamauga brothers in the north. He
went south to see the Creeks, Chickasaw, Cherokees and Choctows. He was there
for two years. When he returned north,
William Henry Harrison had burned the peace town to the ground. Fighting continued on both sides until 1785,
with the most stubborn resistance coming from a recalcitrant group of Cherokees
who seceded after the Carolina cession in 1777 and established themselves first
on Chickamauga Creek and later on the Lower Tennessee River. These diehards became known as ‘The
Chickamauga of the Five Lower Towns’...
(Cherokees of the Old South, Malone, pg. 10) Hence, the political division between the
Cherokee Nation and the Chickamauga Indians occurred as a result of the
Carolina land cession and the overall concern of the Chickamauga was that the
end of Cherokee independence was coming.
The split, which occurred between the Cherokee Nation and the
Chickamauga, was political and represented a fundamental shift in international
policy. The Chickamauga favored
continued conflict with the United States in an attempt to maintain their land
base and independence, whereas some influential elements of the Cherokee
National Council took a more conciliatory position. In fact, the Chickamauga never laid down
their arms. In 1790, the Chickamauga
fought General Harmon in the north and less than a year later fought General
Clair. They continued the fight into
Alabama and Florida. At Fort Mims, two
thousand Chickamauga helped Chief Red Eagle take the Fort and after the fall of
Horseshow Bend, many moved into Florida.
The United States government also recognized the Chickamauga as a
separate political entity in the Treaty of 1817 (7 Stat. 156) in which the
prologue stated “the establishment of a division line between the upper and
lower towns”. The Chickamauga people
were historically known as the lower town Cherokees.
two main Chickamauga Chiefs, Dragging Canoe (Tsiyugunsini) son of
Attakullakulla and John Watts (Kunokeski) were relatives of Cherokee Nation
Principle Chief Moytoy (Amahetai) and may have been advised to leave the Nation
so that the Cherokee Nation’s residents would not be drawn further into a full
scale war with the Americans. From 1777,
the Chickamauga were not an official part of the governance and policy
structure of the Cherokee Nation and through their external military policy,
the Chickamauga were an independent Cherokee political entity although not an
entity with which the majority of the Cherokee Nation’s residents were opposed.
The fight still continues today
for our home land. We are the
The INDIAN CREEK BAND CHICKAMAUGA CREEK INC. is a 501.3C not for profit
organization; we are currently active in the federal recognition process
(#278). We are the Wolf Teaching Council for the INDIAN CREEK TRIBE CHICKAMAUGA CREEK & CHEROKEE NATION INC.; Our Principal Chief is Little Red Wolf Chance and
our home office is in Deltona, Florida.
In the very early 1800’s Chief Old Billy Bowleggs, designated the Indian Creek
Tribe as the keepers of the history for all Chickamauga Cherokee. As
an extension of this duty, our tribe has been creating historically
accurate educational programs for many years in both Alabama and
We educate children and adults through school programs,
our website, tribal newsletters, public demonstrations, books and story
fires that detail the telling of historical actions of this great
nation while documenting the unique events pertaining to our people and
the United States Government. . We are an independent people who can
document our history well before the American Revolution.
Disclaimer: It is more than obvious
that we can not take credit for any of the incredible artwork on display here.
Some of these images are borrowed from other sites and artists. We include them
here because we admire them and would like to share them with the world. Feel
free to take any images that delight you. If any of these images belong to you
and you do NOT give permission for The Indian Creek Band Chickamauga
Cherokee Inc. to use them, then please contact us for removal.
School supplies are needed. Please help us with this need. Click here to help with donations.